Zavod imeni Likhachova, more commonly called ZIL is a major Russian truck and heavy equipment manufacturer, which also produced armored cars for most Soviet leaders, as well as buses, and armored fighting vehicles. The company also produces hand-built limousines and high-end luxury sedans.
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The factory was founded in 1916 as Avtomobilnoe Moskovskoe Obshchestvo (AMO)
In 1931 the factory was re-equipped and expanded with the help of the American A.J. Brandt Co.,
and changed its name to Automotive Factory No. 2 Zavod Imeni Stalina (ZIS or ZiS).
After Nikita Khrushchev denounced the cult of personality of Joseph Stalin in 1956,
the name was changed again to Zavod imeni Likhachova, after its former director Ivan Alekseevich Likhachov. ZIL